Elizabeth Holmes Resumes Her Testimony: Live Trial Updates

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:29 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:29 p.m. ET

The protection goes chronologically by way of Ms. Holmes’s time at Theranos. Ms. Holmes is now testifying about pharmaceutical research finished throughout 2008-2009.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:25 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:25 p.m. ET

Mr. Downey confirmed a slide of “completed successes” on numerous pharmaceutical research. Successes meant that “we had successfully achieved the objectives of the program,” Ms. Holmes stated.

Theranos’s relationship with pharmaceutical firms has come up steadily within the trial to date. Scientists from Celgene, Pfizer and Schering-Plough testified about how they finally didn’t suggest Theranos’s expertise. However Theranos nonetheless created a report displaying logos from Pfizer, Schering-Plough and GlaxoSmithKline, implying that these firms permitted the report when they didn’t.

Erin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:17 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:17 p.m. ET

San Jose, Calif.

In an exhibit exhibiting outcomes of a research on sepsis that Theranos did with Stanford, the corporate’s scientists concluded that “Assay results have been precise.”

Ms. Holmes testified, “It meant our system was working well.”

Mr. Downey then pulled up a piece of a peer-reviewed journal which revealed the outcomes of the research (with out saying its title).

That is possible meant to rebut the prosecutor’s accusations that Theranos’s expertise didn’t work and that Ms. Holmes was conscious of the issues.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:09 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:09 p.m. ET

Mr. Downey requested Ms. Holmes in regards to the areas by which Theranos tried to associate with the Protection Division, emphasizing the phrase “attempt.” Theranos’s relationship with the navy is a key a part of the prosecution’s case — the prosecution highlighted that Ms. Holmes stated Theranos signed contracts with the navy, when it had not.

Erin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:06 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 2:06 p.m. ET

San Jose, Calif.

Mr. Downey confirmed us a 2008 inner report itemizing options and technical specs for Theranos’s units, together with “multiplexed measurement of biomarkers” and “factory calibration.” Ms. Holmes defined a number of of them and why they’d be superior to regular testing strategies.

The report additionally famous that Theranos programs had been in scientific analysis. Ms. Holmes testified that she was instructed that the scientific outcomes have been “excellent.”

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:58 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:58 p.m. ET

Automating the blood testing course of was a significant a part of Theranos’s argument for why their units have been extra correct. Mr. Downey confirmed the jurors a paper saying that 93 % of the errors within the diagnostic course of have been human errors that Theranos’s system would theoretically have helped automate.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:55 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:55 p.m. ET

White-collar defendants hardly ever take the stand as a result of it opens them as much as a doubtlessly damaging cross-examination. But Elizabeth Holmes is testifying in her personal protection.

Why take that likelihood?

Legal professionals for Ms. Holmes, 37, could also be betting that their shopper — who charmed traders and companions as she constructed Theranos to a $9 billion valuation earlier than it collapsed — shall be persuasive and charismatic sufficient to get 12 jurors on her aspect.

“They think they are behind, and they have a smart, likable, young, attractive witness,” stated Neama Rahmani, who’s the president of the West Coast Trial Legal professionals and a former federal prosecutor. “And she thinks she’s going to talk her way out of it.”

Ms. Holmes’s testimony might also be the one technique to present that she didn’t intend to deceive anybody, Mr. Rahmani stated. She will be able to discuss her relationship with Ramesh “Sunny” Balwani, 55, Theranos’s former chief working officer and her former boyfriend. In court docket filings, she has stated he was emotionally abusive and controlling. He has denied the allegations.

Ms. Holmes, who smiled and appeared relaxed when she took the stand on Friday, might also be hoping to current herself to the jury as a sympathetic determine. She had a child in July and has confirmed as much as the courtroom carrying a diaper bag and holding palms together with her mom.

However by talking in court docket, Ms. Holmes is taking a danger. That’s as a result of she has beforehand made many statements about Theranos — each below oath and in media interviews — which prosecutors can grill her on.

“She’s going to be the best witness for herself, or the worst,” Mr. Rahmani stated. “She may just kind of hang herself, so we’ll see.”

Learn extraErin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:55 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:55 p.m. ET

These advantages included miniaturization and elevated automation of the system. “We thought this was a really big idea,” she stated.

Erin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:55 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:55 p.m. ET

San Jose, Calif.

Ms. Holmes testified that by 2007, she believed Theranos’s expertise had advantages over conventional blood testing strategies.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:51 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:51 p.m. ET

As Ms. Holmes testifies, she is talking slowly and clearly, wanting straight at her lawyer, Kevin Downey.

Credit score…Kimberly White/Getty PhotographsErin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:47 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:47 p.m. ET

San Jose, Calif.

Ms. Holmes has taken the stand and resumed discussing the Novartis demo she mentioned on Friday. She defined that the issues in that demo — which have been reported on — have been a results of an issue with the glue used to carry the system collectively, not the expertise itself, and the corporate fastened the issue.

Erin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:44 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:44 p.m. ET

San Jose, Calif.

The choose and jury have entered.

Erin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:35 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:35 p.m. ET

San Jose, Calif.

The lead legal professionals from either side of the case emerged from the choose’s chambers and Ms. Holmes has taken her seat on the lawyer’s desk within the courtroom. We’re nonetheless ready and haven’t any phrase on what’s occurring.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:03 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 1:03 p.m. ETCredit score…Mike Kai Chen for The New York Instances

Elizabeth Holmes, the founding father of the blood testing start-up Theranos, arrived in court docket on Monday for her second day of testimony. She got here together with her mom, Noel Holmes, and one other one who has been a constant presence alongside her on the trial: Billy Evans, her associate.

Mr. Evans’s household based the Evans Lodge Group, a resort chain in Southern California. He graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Know-how in 2015 and labored at a tech start-up till early 2019, in keeping with his public LinkedIn web page.

Not a lot is publicly identified about Ms. Holmes’s relationship with Mr. Evans. The 2 have been first seen collectively on the Burning Man competition in 2018, the yr that Theranos shut down. Mr. Evans and Ms. Holmes, 37, had a toddler collectively in July; she usually totes a diaper bag in court docket.

Mr. Evans usually sits with the remainder of Ms. Holmes’s household of their reserved row within the courtroom in San Jose, Calif., often leaning over to check with Noel Holmes throughout testimony. He and the opposite members of Ms. Holmes’s entourage preserve to themselves and don’t work together with the press or the general public. He has declined to touch upon the trial.

Learn extraErin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:51 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:51 p.m. ET

San Jose, Calif.

After being ushered into the courtroom anticipating a 9 a.m. begin, we’ve now been ready for almost an hour. Kevin Downey and Jeffrey Schenk, the lead legal professionals for Ms. Holmes and the prosecution, respectively, should not right here. Nor are Ms. Holmes, Decide Edward Davila and the jury.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:09 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:09 p.m. ETCredit score…Jim Wilson/The New York Instances

For the reason that trial’s opening statements, the authorized group for Elizabeth Holmes, the founding father of the failed blood testing start-up Theranos, has made it clear how they plan to defend their shopper from prices of fraud.

First, they’ve stated: Ms. Holmes was a hardworking entrepreneur who believed her claims that Theranos’s expertise was revolutionary and whose failure was not a criminal offense. Second: Different Theranos workers, executives and traders ought to have identified higher. And third: Ms. Holmes was manipulated by Ramesh Balwani, who is called Sunny and who was previously Theranos’s chief working officer and Ms. Holmes’s boyfriend.

“She did her level best, day in, day out, to make Theranos successful, and she genuinely, deeply believed it would be successful,” Lance Wade, one in every of Ms. Holmes’s legal professionals, stated throughout opening statements.

Theranos, which had been hailed as a profitable Silicon Valley start-up, collapsed in scandal and shut down in 2018 after the corporate’s expertise was proven to not work.

Over the primary 11 weeks of the trial, Ms. Holmes’s legal professionals have repeatedly pushed the primary two factors of their protection. They’ve sought to undercut testimony from lab workers by pointing to their superior levels and evaluating that to Ms. Holmes, who dropped out of Stanford College. They’ve additionally attacked traders’ credibility by detailing their lack of due diligence.

As Ms. Holmes, 37, takes the stand for a second day, she could level the finger at Mr. Balwani. In court docket filings, she has stated that Mr. Balwani, 55, was emotionally abusive and controlling throughout their relationship. Mr. Balwani, who will stand trial subsequent yr, has denied the allegations. Each have pleaded not responsible.

As a result of Ms. Holmes and Mr. Balwani stored their relationship secret whereas they labored at Theranos, jurors have heard little or no about their interactions. Ms. Holmes’s testimony will possible be jurors’ first actual perception into the internal workings of the connection.

Learn extraErin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:05 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:05 p.m. ET

Ms. Holmes arrived hand-in-hand together with her mom, Noel Holmes. She was additionally accompanied by her associate, Billy Evans, and numerous different members of her entourage, together with two who arrived earlier than 4 a.m. to attend consistent with the remainder of the general public.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:01 p.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 12:01 p.m. ET

Each the courtroom and an overflow room are full of spectators who arrived nicely earlier than daybreak. The courtroom is quiet as reporters pull out their laptops and everybody waits for testimony to begin.

Credit score…Jim Wilson/The New York InstancesErin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:59 a.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:59 a.m. ET

After ready exterior for hours, spectators have now filed into the courtroom for the second day of Elizabeth Holmes testifying in self-defense. (As a result of the proceedings should not live-streamed, standing in line is the one technique to safe a spot inside.) Ms. Holmes, carrying a royal blue gown, has arrived on the courthouse, however shouldn’t be but within the courtroom. Neither are the choose nor jury.

Erin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:43 a.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:43 a.m. ET

The federal government’s case in opposition to Elizabeth Holmes, the founding father of Theranos, featured a number of key items of proof that confirmed she deliberately deceived medical doctors, sufferers and traders within the blood testing start-up.

They included:

A fraudulent report

In 2010, Theranos created a 55-page report that prominently displayed the logos of the pharmaceutical firms Pfizer, Schering-Plough and GlaxoSmithKline. Buyers corresponding to Lisa Peterson, who manages investments for the rich DeVos household, and Walter Mosley, whose shoppers embody the Walton household, testified that the report had helped persuade them to spend money on Theranos.

The issue? Pfizer, Schering-Plough and GlaxoSmithKline had not ready or signed off on the report. Whereas prosecutors didn’t set up that Ms. Holmes created the report, witnesses like Daniel Edlin, a former Theranos senior product supervisor, testified that she had signed off on all investor materials.

An investor letter

Theranos spent years discussing with the Division of Protection the potential deployment of its expertise within the battlefield, however no partnership materialized.

But Ms. Holmes instructed potential traders in a letter that Theranos had signed contracts with the U.S. navy — claims that helped persuade them to speculate, the traders testified.

“We really relied on the fact that they had been doing work for pharma companies and the government for years,” Ms. Peterson stated.

Inside emails

Emails between Theranos workers made up the majority of the prosecution’s reveals. A few of the emails confirmed when Theranos hid system failures, eliminated irregular outcomes from take a look at stories and fudged demonstrations of its blood testing.

In a single case, Mr. Edlin requested a colleague for recommendation on how one can reveal Theranos’s expertise for potential traders.

Michael Craig, a Theranos software program engineer, really useful that Mr. Edlin use the demo app, a particular setting on Theranos’s units that stated “running” or “processing” if an error had taken place, somewhat than show the error.

The app would disguise failures from the shopper, Mr. Craig wrote in an e mail.

“Never a bad thing,” Mr. Edlin replied. “Let’s go with demo, thanks.”

Learn extraErin Woo

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:31 a.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:31 a.m. ETCredit score…David Paul Morris/Bloomberg, through Getty Photographs

From the beginning, prosecutors have argued that Elizabeth Holmes deliberately deceived traders, medical doctors and sufferers as she sought investments and partnerships for Theranos, her as soon as highflying blood testing start-up.

In opening statements on Sept. 8, Robert Leach, the assistant U.S. lawyer who’s the lead prosecutor within the case, laid out the federal government’s central thesis: that Ms. Holmes courted traders and business companions with false claims about her firm’s expertise and its relationships with pharmaceutical firms and the navy.

“Out of time and out of money, Elizabeth Holmes decided to lie,” he repeatedly declared.

To make that case, prosecutors referred to as 29 witnesses to the stand. They included eight former Theranos workers, six traders, three business companions, two medical doctors and three sufferers. From a star-studded checklist of almost 200 folks the federal government had listed as potential witnesses, the highest-profile particular person to seem was former Protection Secretary James Mattis, who had served on Theranos’s board.

Prosecutors offered proof to point out that Ms. Holmes perpetrated deceit, together with that she knew of expertise demonstrations that hid Theranos’s failures and was conscious the corporate made false claims of working with the navy. Additionally they confirmed that Theranos had used a report with a pharmaceutical firm’s brand to indicate it had that firm’s backing, though the agency had not signed off on the report. Buyers and companions testified that these claims had helped persuade them to present Theranos their enterprise and cash.

The prosecution additionally detailed the dysfunction inside Theranos’s lab, which dealt with the blood checks. Theranos had trumpeted its declare that its checks might discern numerous sicknesses in sufferers with only a drop of blood.

However Adam Rosendorff, one in every of Theranos’s former lab administrators, spent six days on the stand explaining that the checks repeatedly produced inaccurate and irregular outcomes. Different lab administrators testified that that they had basically been figureheads; one spent simply 5 to 10 hours at Theranos over his tenure.

Daniel Edlin, a former senior product supervisor and Holmes household pal, testified that Ms. Holmes had signed off on Theranos’s advertising and marketing and investor supplies. He additionally stated Ramesh Balwani, the chief working officer and Ms. Holmes’s onetime boyfriend, who is called Sunny, had deferred to her when the 2 of them disagreed.

“Generally, she was the C.E.O., so she had the final decision-making authority,” Mr. Edlin stated.

Learn extraErin Griffith

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:00 a.m. ET

Nov. 22, 2021, 11:00 a.m. ETCredit score…Jim Wilson/The New York Instances

[Follow live news updates on the fraud trial of Elizabeth Holmes.]

In 2018, the USA charged Elizabeth Holmes and her enterprise associate, Ramesh “Sunny” Balwani, with 9 counts of wire fraud and two counts of conspiracy to commit wire fraud.

The indictment accuses the pair of participating in a “scheme, plan and artifice to defraud investors as to a material matter.”

In different phrases, they’re accused of mendacity about Theranos’s enterprise and expertise to get cash. The lies outlined within the indictment embody claims Theranos made about its relationship with the navy and the standing of its partnership with Walgreens. Prosecutors additionally say that Theranos faked demonstrations of its expertise and falsified validation stories from pharmaceutical firms and the monetary well being of its enterprise.

Wire fraud is a felony that carries a most penalty of 20 years and potential fines. Theranos additionally paid a $500,000 tremendous to settle civil securities fraud prices with the Securities and Alternate Fee in 2018. It additionally settled a number of lawsuits with traders and companions earlier than dissolving that yr.

For the reason that felony indictment, the instances of Ms. Holmes and Mr. Balwani have been separated. Mr. Balwani faces trial subsequent yr. Additional, a number of the prices in opposition to Ms. Holmes have been dropped and others added. As of immediately, Ms. Holmes faces 11 counts of fraud and conspiracy to commit fraud.

She has pleaded not responsible.

Learn extraErin Griffith

Nov. 19, 2021, 9:02 p.m. ET

Nov. 19, 2021, 9:02 p.m. ET

On the finish of a grueling 5 days of testimony this week, the protection within the case of United States v. Elizabeth Holmes on Friday referred to as Ms. Holmes, the founding father of the failed blood testing start-up Theranos, to the stand.

A flutter of typing and murmuring washed over the gallery, which had been full of spectators early within the day, earlier than the viewers dwindled because the weekend crept nearer. Ms. Holmes has been charged with 11 counts of defrauding traders about what Theranos’s expertise might do and about its enterprise.

Ms. Holmes, 37, spent solely an hour on the stand earlier than the court docket closed for the day, so her testimony was truncated. What she mentioned have been the early days of Theranos and why she had set the corporate up — and he or she used the chance to current herself in her personal phrases after her emails, texts and different communications have been dissected over the trial’s almost three months of testimony.

Ms. Holmes’s legal professionals have argued that she was merely a younger, naïve, formidable founder who relied an excessive amount of on others who gave her dangerous recommendation. Her legal professionals have additionally hammered on her lack of expertise and experience. However on Friday, she offered herself as an skilled on her firm’s expertise.

She testified in regards to the early days of Theranos, which began out as Realtime Cures in 2003. She testified a couple of patent she had created whereas a pupil at Stanford, which led her to drop out and work on the corporate full time. She additionally briefly mentioned demonstrations of Theranos’s early expertise and the early rounds of funding she raised to develop it.

Ms. Holmes’s legal professionals indicated that her preliminary testimony is more likely to take up Monday and Tuesday subsequent week. That signifies that the prosecution’s cross-examination, which is predicted to be prolonged, gained’t start till after Thanksgiving.

Ms. Holmes was the third witness to be referred to as by her protection group.

Learn extraErin Woo

Nov. 19, 2021, 6:31 p.m. ET

Nov. 19, 2021, 6:31 p.m. ET

Elizabeth Holmes, the founding father of the failed blood testing start-up Theranos, surrounded herself with a constellation of moguls, four-star generals, enterprise capitalists and others throughout her time operating the corporate. Finally, Theranos was undone after whistle-blowers who have been involved that the corporate was mendacity about its expertise spoke to the media and to regulators.

Listed here are a number of the central figures within the rise and fall of Theranos and Ms. Holmes’s fraud trial.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.Carlos Chavarria for The New York Instances

Elizabeth Holmes, the disgraced founding father of the blood testing start-up Theranos, stands trial for 2 counts of conspiracy to commit wire fraud and 9 counts of wire fraud.

Listed here are a number of the key figures within the case →

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.Stephen Lam/Reuters

Holmes based Theranos in 2003 as a 19-year-old Stanford dropout. She raised $945 million from traders and was topped the world’s youngest billionaire, however has been accused of mendacity about how nicely Theranos’s expertise labored. She has pleaded not responsible.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.Justin Sullivan/Getty Photographs

Ramesh Balwani, often called Sunny, was Theranos’s president and chief working officer from 2009 by way of 2016 and was in a romantic relationship with Holmes. He has additionally been accused of fraud and should stand trial subsequent yr. He has pleaded not responsible.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.Jefferson Siegel for The New York Instances

David Boies, a distinguished litigator, represented Theranos as its lawyer and served on its board.

He tried to close down whistle-blowers and reporters who questioned the corporate’s enterprise practices.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.Getty Photographs

The journalist John Carreyrou wrote tales exposing fraudulent practices at Theranos.

His protection for The Wall Road Journal helped result in the implosion of Theranos.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.Jeff Kravitz/FilmMagic, through Getty Photographs

Tyler Shultz and Erika Cheung are former Theranos workers and have been whistle-blowers. They labored on the start-up in 2013 and 2014.

Shultz is a grandson of George Shultz, a former secretary of state who was on the Theranos board.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.Eric Thayer for The New York Instances

James Mattis, a retired four-star normal, was a member of Theranos’s board.

He went on to function President Donald J. Trump’s secretary of protection.

Who’s Who within the Elizabeth Holmes Trial

Erin WooErin Woo📍Reporting from San Jose, Calif.

Edward Davila, a federal choose for the Northern District of California, will oversee the case.

Kevin Downey, a associate on the Washington regulation agency Williams & Connolly, is the lead lawyer for Holmes.

Robert Leach, an assistant United States lawyer for the Northern District of California, will lead the prosecution for the federal government, together with different prosecutors from the U.S. lawyer’s workplace.

Learn extra about Elizabeth Holmes:

Nov. 15, 2021

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Erin Woo

Nov. 19, 2021, 6:13 p.m. ET

Nov. 19, 2021, 6:13 p.m. ETCredit score…Carlos Chavarria for The New York Instances

It’s Silicon Valley’s trial of the last decade.

Since opening statements started on Sept. 8, Elizabeth Holmes, the founding father of the failed blood testing start-up Theranos, has been standing trial in federal court docket in San Jose, Calif., for 11 counts of fraud (a twelfth depend was eliminated). If convicted, she faces as much as 20 years in jail. She has pleaded not responsible.

Her case has captivated the general public — and spawned books, documentaries and even a fan membership for Ms. Holmes, 37 — as a result of she was a younger feminine entrepreneur in closely male Silicon Valley and since she appeared to push the boundaries of start-up tradition and hubris to the restrict.

Her story initially appeared just like the stuff goals are product of. Ms. Holmes dropped out of Stanford College at 19 and based Theranos, which promised to decipher folks’s well being issues with only a drop of their blood. The corporate raised $945 million from well-known enterprise capitalists and from highly effective tech and media moguls corresponding to Larry Ellison and Rupert Murdoch. At its peak, Theranos was valued at $9 billion. Ms. Holmes was lauded as one of many youngest self-made feminine billionaires.

Nevertheless it all got here crashing down after a 2015 investigation from The Wall Road Journal discovered that Theranos’s blood-testing expertise didn’t work. Theranos shut down in 2018.

Now Ms. Holmes is on trial over a central problem: Did she deliberately mislead medical doctors, sufferers and traders as she sought investments and partnerships?

The prosecution spent weeks arguing that Ms. Holmes purposely deceived traders and others whereas realizing that Theranos’s blood checks have been usually inaccurate and that the corporate relied on third-party business machines. In opening statements, Ms. Holmes’s legal professionals asserted that she was merely a hardworking entrepreneur whose failure to realize lofty goals didn’t represent a criminal offense.

Ms. Holmes vocally defended herself within the media after The Wall Road Journal’s revelations about Theranos. The jury — and public — shall be keen to listen to straight from her and to see whether or not she continues that stance or as an alternative factors fingers at others, corresponding to her former enterprise and romantic associate, Ramesh Balwani, who is called Sunny.

The trial has performed out inside a courtroom presided over by Decide Edward J. Davila of the U.S. District Court docket for the Northern District of California, with no stay broadcast of the proceedings. Jury choice started on Aug. 31 and the case is scheduled to complete on Dec. 10.

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